Tuesday, 13 March 2012

Individual Determines the Fate of Nation

                                                 Individual Determines the Fate of Nation

            The history of the world is but the biography of great individuals who determined the fate of their respective nations.  Great individuals influence on historical change and elevate themselves to god-like status. The Greek, Roman, Muslim and Hindu Empires linked their greatest periods with great individuals. Individual greatness was integral to the Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution. It is the noble lives of religious teachers like Hazart Muhammad (SAW), Abraham, Jesus Christ, Mosses, Buddha and Confucius that have, by their own perfect examples and pure teaching, enriched humanity greatly and helped in making their respective nations better, wiser and happier.   History without Joan of Arc, Henry VIII, Napoleon, Hitler, Stalin, Mao, Mussolini, Jinnah and Lincoln would have been dull. Let’s analyse, within the limits of time and words, the myth of a few individuals from Islamic and unislamic worlds who shaped the course of their nations pervasively.

            Prophet Muhammad (PBUM) is deeply loved, revered and emulated by Muslims as God's final messenger who introduced Islam, the most dynamic faiths of mankind. Within eighty years after prophet’s death, Islamic World had been stretched over three continents. The credit goes to first four caliphs and a few individuals like Khalid been waleed, Tariq bin Ziyad Mohammad bin Qasim and Abd-ur-Rehman who won everlasting glory for Islam. Baber was the most brilliant Asiatic individual in many lines of human activity who laid the first stone of the splendid fabric of Mughal Empire which his grandson, Akbar the Great, completed. One individual named Mujaddid Alf-i-Sani saved the orthodox Islam and became the pioneer of what modern Islam is today. With his unique individualistic approach Sir Syed Ahmad Khan prophesied the Muslim-Separatism, and Iqbal became, according to Jinnah, “the bugler of Muslim thought and culture. By providing an ideological rationale for a separate Muslim state, Iqbal became the first prophet of Muslim Nationhood. About Jinnah Stanley Walport says: “Few individuals significantly alter the course of history. Fewer still modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Mohammad Ali Jinnah did all three.

            A towering individual in ancient history, Alexander the Great came close to conquering the entire civilized world of his day. The committed individuals such as Thomas Paine, George Washington, Lincoln, Roosevelt and Martin Luther King turned the course of American History. Napoleon was the most charismatic general in French history, famed for his military successes. With his indomitable spirit Churchill led Great Britain to victory in World War II.

            Some individuals who negatively affected their nations became history's most hated villains. Ambitious Lenin and Stalin of Russian, Ruthless Adolf Hitler of Germany and fascist Mussolini of Italy committed too many wrongs to be redeemed.

            To make the long story short, the cult of the personality is central to all recorded history. The role of an individual depends upon many factors. He usually draws the impulse of his active life from the uncertain socio-economic conditions of his times. Only a strong individual charged with positive mental inclinations can become the saviour of his nation. A crude individual brings about nothing but endless sufferings for his people.


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